Elder law is not a well known practice area in most circles. The point of these posts will be to explain what elder law is and why it is important for aging people to know what their options and needs are when it comes to elder law representation. So let's get started. Elder law is a niche law practice focused on catering to the specific needs of the elderly. The most common needs that arise are Medicaid planning, general estate planning, family law issues, guardianship, and elder abuse and neglect.